The curriculum is the heart of every application. By observing a few basic rules or a good template or pattern used can easily write a resume, the recruiter impressed.

How to make a good curriculum vitae

The CV (also: “curriculum vitae” or simply “CV”) can be done in the application some wrong – but also a lot correctly. Basically: The CV should logically be clearly and consistently.

Moreover, a personal touch in the design be useful to contrast with the resume of the plurality of the other candidates. Use can use a template or pattern or just be creative.

But beware: the conservative, the industry, the more economical one should deal in the life with colors and design elements.

A bad example of a resume

On the top left (click to enlarge) you can find the resume of Laura, who wants to apply for the training as a photographer. Laura is a year removed from high school.

During an internship could already get a taste of the work processes of a photo studio, they also completed a photography course and successfully participated in a photo competition. Nevertheless, her resume is not just as a sample template.


How to make a good curriculum vitae: the most common mistakes

  1. The formatting of the document is confusing: The heading and subheadings not stand out from the rest, the PC and language skills are not assigned to subheading.
  2. Parents perform in your resume, now is not a “must” more. Our tip: they Mention if your mother or your father have a job that the one for which you’re applying for just a bit similar. Laura’s father is a chemical engineer. As well as photographers must be familiar with chemistry, Laura has in her resume out to her father.
  3. No matter what school you attended: Give to your degree. If you’re not ready, you can write “Estimated completion: High School 2013 ‘. Write your note to when she is already determined and it is good.
  4. The term “jobs” sounds a bit pejorative CV. Better: “Practical experience”. So also the photography course and competition fit better into the category.
  5. The time must be accurate. Allows you to choose which months you did what.
  6. Thus, the recruiter can get an idea of your skills, a description of your activities should not be ignored in the indication of jobs. The more accurate your text, the more the reader knows of the resume about yourself and the better he can judge whether you fit the position advertised.


  1. Almost all candidates must specify in the resume that they have computer skills. The statement is too vague. List, what programs you have already worked.
  2. “Music” alone sounds as if just very happy times listen to switch off music Laura. But you do not just hear music, it also makes what. It is precisely the interests that make the image of a candidate in the CV “human”. Lauras band experience also shows that it can be integrated into a group and that it is not afraid to stand on the stage in front of strangers.
  3. Each CV must be provided at the end with the place and date. Eighth  , always ensure that the date coincides with that in the letter!
  4. A resume is only formally complete if it bears a signature.

Resume writing: So you do it right

How to make a good curriculum vitae

In the second picture the gallery (click to enlarge) you see how to do it right: the perfect CV. From the construction of the content up to the photo your CV you should optimally present.

Therefore Think about before each application, what experience you can offer to match the advertised training place. A marvel of standardization is the so-called Europass CV, the EU has devised to standardize applications throughout Europe. Most recruiters see him precisely for this reason do not like: you want to see the uniform, but individual CVs.

Only in this way they can see at a glance whether you’re able to structure such a document independently and to separate important from the unimportant. Our tip: Stay away from standard CVs Your CV should not only clear, but also gaps.

Who hangs out for a year after graduation, without being able to demonstrate an internship, a gap year or going abroad, making on HR an aimless impression.

Tips for writing correct CV

Resume writing: tips and information

The curriculum is the central document of an application. On resume recognizes a recruiter whether the applicant that qualifies for the job. But even if one has the required training and the required skills, not convinced the recruiters automatically.
The stations and qualifications must also be attractively presented in the CV. are tips for designing the curriculum vitae.

The CV (eng. CV ) is the previous career off with all the relevant stations and performance of a candidate. For HR the CV is therefore the most important document of the application documents . Many HR managers make it dependent on the CV, if they ever read or letter.

Therefore, a persuasive resume crucial. This means that it must be complete, meaningful, accurate, structured and clear.

How long the resume be?

For the letter applies strict rule that it must not exceed one A4 page long. While the CV is two A4 is common, but a strict rule there is not here.

It is obvious that the life of a professional entry-level model is usually considerably shorter than with someone who already has 30 years of experience and has held several jobs at this time.

The principle should be: As short as possible, but as long as necessary.

Three CV variants

There are three types of resumes that may be relevant to your application. The content structure of a resume is almost the same regardless of the selected variant.

The most common form is the curriculum vitae. If in the job otherwise required, you should choose this variant.

contact details

Position the contact so that the recruiters they immediately discovered, either in the header or in addition to the passport photo . The important contact details are:

Full Name
Postal Address (street, house number, postcode, city)
Telephone number (with which you are best reached)
E-mail address

Personal data

Birthday (
Place of birth
Marital status (optional)

Renounce information on religion or parents, they play in the application today is no longer relevant.


Information in the dot formation refer to the last degree, vocational training and / or study.


Employers are interested only in the last degree generally, eg Abitur. On what elementary school you went 15 years ago, does not matter. The statement is totally unnecessary.

Exception: You grew up in a different country. Then there is an interesting information, because there is evidence of foreign experience, internationality, intercultural competence and language skills.

In the last school you indicate the date, the place, the type of school, the school’s name and the final grade. If the accelerated courses are in direct relation to the desired activity, they can be cited here, too.

Example: It is applying for engineering jobs and had math as an examination subject.

vocational training

For vocational training should provide the following information in your resume:

Period / Duration
Name of the education / Occupation
Main areas / responsibilities
training company
final grade


For the study should be done following the CV data:

Period / Duration
Name of degree program
majors (focus on the content that is available with respect to the desired location, eg accounting for controlling jobs)
title and grade of the final work
overall grade

practical experience

The practical experience should list anti-chronological order, the last (or current) activity is at the top so.

Avoid the same CV to be used for all applications, because of the resume can be directed to the desired location by emphasizing its previous practical experience and expertise vary. Put the focus on industry-specific practices.

As professionals it has only very little practical experience generally. Therefore one should here indicate all his previous internships and part-time jobs, especially if they are a reference to the desired profession.

In specifying the placement, it is important not only time to name names the company and department (eg “3-month business administration internship at Transportation”), but additional specific information on the terms of reference and to make the activities.

Otherwise can not judge whether it was an instructive internship or the trainee just copied there, has made coffee and surfing around the Internet of HR.

For information on the professional experience , the same applies in principle. Here Professionals should specify nor the responsibility, both professionally and in terms of budget responsibility and leadership.

Who already has several years of experience, his practical needs no longer list on your CV. This is only useful if you want to move to another area and can show in this way to have ever been in the field.

Skills / interests / Additional Qualifications

Foreign languages, computer skills and foreign experience can be an important evaluation criteria.Choose a clean structure, for example by succinct subheads. The heading “Other” is many HR managers too general and leaves the skills seem less important.

Decide instead. For subheads like “IT skills” or “foreign”, they are more specific and provide the reader with a better overview

For details of the software and language skills in the application should also simultaneously make an assessment of his knowledge, eg “English fluent, French basic knowledge”. A language test like the TOEFL ( “Test of English as a Foreign Language”) can be cited as proof of language skills.

Information about license need only specify if, for example for a job as a sales representative is applying.

Gaps in your CV

Gaps in your CV, it is indeed to avoid, but with a duration of up to six months, they are often problematic. Hardly a recruiter expected nowadays that the employee has worked consistently since his studies or training. Finally, the labor market has changed.

Also, the common thread in the life is no longer as popular as before. Meanwhile it welcomed the employer even if someone worked only in a region not always, but has accumulated a wealth of experience. This speaks for the bigger, innovation and the courage to break new ground.

When one has registered as jobseekers, one can quietly reflect in his resume that. Longer periods of unemployment should use meaningful by appropriating as knowledge (the Internet opens up a host facility), completed courses, undertakes journeys, taking care of his family and honing his application documents.

If the employer asks what you’ve done at this stage, you should be able in any case to show him that you have spent his time not only on the sofa and watching TV.

When specifying a gap in your resume personal reasons, such as a disease, the employer may ask any more questions about health. Even if he nachhakt, one is not required to respond.

But you should think twice before you call his illness as a reason for that could detract from the success of the application. Finally, ask companies prefer a healthy and powerful people.


A convincing (tabular) CV provides a well-structured overview of the previous career. In addition to information about themselves and the raceway to inform the HR also about the time course.

By structuring using subheads and other layout elements of the curriculum vitae for the HR manager is also an important reminder. In the interview he can respond to certain stations of career closer and scrutinize abnormalities in the CV.

Always ready at a CV if the job does not specify. Always lessons the content of the curriculum vitae and the application to the requirements of the job (for example, marketing resume or banking application ).

Did you, for example, already completed many internships, you focus on those that are relevant to the profession.

Integrating individual relevant courses from the study or training in your CV, including a course in business administration when you see yourself as scholars are applying for a job with an economic relation

Watch video How to make a good curriculum vitae. That Works – 5 Tips To Improve your CV Writing Skills


Hobbies in CV: The You should specify!

Reading, running, cooking: Everyone has hobbies . Lately may come in time such as youtuben, skype or blog it. But are those hobbies in your CV ? Yes, say 82 percent of HR professionals who we add about in our regular employer-check surveys.

Straight from social commitment Read Chefs like because the mainstays of the profile of a candidate “. The specification of hobbies does not affect the selection process, but more comprehensive picture of the candidate , the better for us,” says, for example, Iris von der Becke, HR -Managerin at Kelly Services.

But not all hobbies act equally positive. Some pastime can also be about the application Killer …

Hobbies in CV: Attention boomerang!

Hobbies CV-Extreme SportsOf course, hobbies are not a must in the application . If anything, then dive to the end of the resume and will complement the personality and indication of the versatility of the interests of an applicant.

These include the typical, well, 08/15-View :

To run
to jog
horse riding
listen to music
to travel

All very normal, not spectacular and not a problem. At most, the: boring .

On the other side are the extremes :

cave Diving
ride a motorcycle race

Such illustrious recreational activities are not only dangerous , they are also suitable for high risk tolerance and betrayed many HR managers called a sensation seeker .

Who therefore is applying for a relatively normal job, has to put up the question, why he believes that he will not get bored of the job. But one or disqualified directly for an entity that a high degree of conscientiousness demand and wisely.

Even worse are there only passive activities such as …

watch TV
Playing computer games
Although such now may of course also played in teams or guilds and quite strategic thinking schools, they have still a negative image and are more likely with a soziophoben loner associated. This makes the alleged team player latent implausible.

Imagine a further inquiry

But even innocuous information can backfire if the candidate later to interview invited and is specifically asked what book he was reading because, for example, how many kilometers he run into what time or where it is least traveled.

Who then gets into stammering or reports on his recent Saufeskapaden in Cala Ratjada, not just collects pluses.

Maybe the other party has the same interests. This is quite helpful: When passionate talk shop about the best diving areas or the perfect golf swing can break and conquer the nervousness not only the ice – connect similarities and make sympathetic.

However, only if you really have something to say. Turns out that the deepest point at which you are ever dipped, was a quarry in the recreation area, the expected excitement contained.

Speaking of enthusiasm: Here lurks a latent danger.

Then as if the candidate passionate and dedicated about his hobbies lecture as about the desired profession. That is as if you are raving flirting of his ex-partner. Better so, let your burning for recreational activities blaze briefly – and make the call then immediately to the job and the employer-to-be back.

For this purpose – clearly – you are a lot more fired up .

Hobbies are symbols

Ultimately, the HR managers about why one of the respective pastime pursues, making him or her interested – and what conclusions the on personality permits.

Cooking is a classic in the context. Because the can for socializing (cooking for friends), openness (Koch blind dates, new recipes) and creativity are. Such hobbies show how complex a person is.

Just as many are sports such as football, volleyball or hockey as a foregone indicators teamwork – in contrast to tennis, which is more associated with lone.

Even more to HR managers interested in the opportunity but for honorary positions or involvement in clubs or student groups , such as a student counseling. These activities prove that the candidate is not a mere opportunist who only does what he uses, but just a little returns to the community.

Just in voluntary work, there are several tasks that a broad work range of skills . Team spirit as well as project management, enforcement and inertia and can not last significant impacts with tight budgets.

CV-designed career jump-de

Hobbies in CV – the basic rules:

Less is more.
Do not attempt to list all the possible facets of your interests. Focus rather on the essentials and a maximum of four hobbies.

In keeping with the profession.
Select the hobbies wisely and in terms of their subtext. The thus associated properties should the desired job fit: A call center agent who transmits or casually strolls; a project manager who directs a choir at leisure, …

Show successes.
Especially when you have reached with their leisure interests self-set goals, do the short – for example, in parentheses – mention: Travel (already visited all the continents); Kitesurfing (vice Junior Champion 2010), …

Caution in extreme sports.
Let at HR managers alarm bells – the newcomer could spend much of his work performed in hospitals or take even permanent damage. Also speaking excessive risk-taking not just for professionals such as controllers, quality manager, security officer or manager with high budget responsibility.

Stick to the truth.
For information about hobbies, it’s about what you do in your spare time to date and what you are looking straight. Not three years ago. Imagine, therefore, a further inquiry. Who fibs then, precipitated by the impostor.

If in doubt: omit.
If you are not sure about your hobbies or find them too boring, then let them off better. You’re not a must and do not reflect the rash. Rounding You can your personality also in dialogue with the recruiters.

Thus Hobbies can be fully effective, they should show that the candidate be actively leading life and designed : social engagement, team strength, physical fitness – all these are plus points. But overly polarize and should not overdo it here also. A bit more interesting than average often sufficient completely.

The CV Photo – So I will represent my potential employer in the future


CV Photo

The CV Photo is an interesting way to convey the potential employer a first impression of the person with whom are connected the data listed in the resume of the candidate.

However, one should also make absolutely sure that the Mitsendung a photograph is not undesirable in the respective job posting!

On this point, it is important that you read a job ad carefully to make when applying already from the outset an error.

What to look at the photo on the CV?

First, you should look at the quality of the photograph that you want to use in his resume. A high-quality photo of the candidate is the potential employer to signal that you serious about the job and has therefore also given the photo according to trouble.

An unprofessional photo, however, can indicate that the applicant the trouble of selecting a good photographer was too much or that the site and the company this effort are not worth it.

A good photographer can properly put the candidate on the application photo in scene and thus help to ensure that the candidate with his Bewerbungsfoto achieved a good first impression. However, it should also to be made sure that the photo still looks natural and the HR no false anticipation builds, which then in the interview may not can be fulfilled.

A photographer with relevant experience may also help that adapt appearance of the candidate to the desired location and the industry – because ultimately it is usually a remarkable difference whether one of themselves as creative mind with great ideas or in an advertising agency financial accounting of a company as a thorough, diligent number Genie advertises.

The basic idea is, whatever aspired location and sector, to pay attention to a neat appearance.

Regarding the appearance, it is also advisable to fit the dress code of the industry and, in the best case, to the dress code of the company in terms of clothing. Clothing should be also voted on on the planned site.

Further, it is advisable to make sure that the photo is not placed too much makeup and too much jewelry is created, because ultimately intended for the application not of the essence, namely, distracted by the skills of the candidate.

Basically, you should think about for the CV-Photo as one might represent the company later because the recruiter will eventually also ask how the candidate may occur in the workplace and what impression it might make on customers.

Of course, a passport photo, these questions are not alone answer, but it may convey the recruiter a first feeling for it.

More tips for the CV Photo

In order to achieve on the CV photo good contrast, a light background should be

More tips for the CV Photo

chosen for this. A dark suit on a dark background can be the candidate in the photo with the background. Also achieve bright colors a friendlier effect than do dark colors.

Next you want to convey as a candidate on the CV-photo rule an alert, active impression.

Therefore you should ensure that you are well rested for the passport photo and the picture is not made “on the wing” in a stressful situation. One should try to convey a professional, friendly, open and sympathetic impression, because that’s what employers expect in most cases by their employees.

As you yourself usually can not judge very well what effect is obtained even in a photo, it can be quite helpful to ask acquaintances, relatives and friends in the choice of application photos to their opinion.

Size and positioning of the CV photos

The CV-Photo is usually positioned “top right” on your CV. Examples can be found in the form of available on this website CV format . However one uses a cover page for the application or resume, then the picture should not be positioned in the CV itself, but on the cover sheet.

For the size of the application photos it seems however to be no fixed standard.However, it is proposed Often a size of approximately 4.5 x 6.5 cm for the CV-Photo.

These dimensions are slightly larger than that of a pass image. When using a cover sheet but can certainly be used a larger photo, which can be placed in landscape mode.

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