Whether in school or at university -. Without the proper learning strategies either not to reach your learning objectives or only with toil and hardship Before you loslernst blind strikes, you need to answer the following questions first:
How can I find out what is important? How do I decide when I know enough? What I have to watch especially what I can neglect? A good exam preparation belongs to prioritize. Otherwise you drummed out of uncertainty every detail and gets a feeling of tightness.

One hundred percent you will never answer these questions and rarely can you see light. But there are some useful steps to reduce the uncertainty.

As these steps look like and why you persist with the right learning strategies every exam with ease, you will learn in this article.

Workshop: Your perfect learning strategies – Part 1

1. recapitulate your goals

What are your goals for the exam? Want consist only you or peilst you the top grade of? Do you look to learn a great effort / Touch relationship or do you want as much as possible (for you)?

 recapitulate your goals

The more we want to be, the more disproportionate we have to invest time. Often it is enough to have learned 80 to 90 percent of the substance well. The trick is to identify and this to help us understand really good central content.

Arrange your goal for the next test a:

120% | Enhance knowledge. You learn not to the inspector, but for you. This is your absolute favorite topic, you want to know everything about it. The test does not really matter to you. Then a high time use is justified and the motivation often not so difficult, because it comes from the inside.

100% | No fault / risk reduction. You want a top note! But be careful: Do not give 150 per cent – the danger of getting bogged down so is too great! Point criteria: What you need to know? What are the success factors? Become good at bringing your knowledge eloquently to the point, to understand relationships and continues to think than do the other!

80% | Focus strategy: A good relationship between cost and lifestyle is important to you. You need courage to leave gaps. Depending on how big the freedom of choice is, you can set priorities. Allows an exam, the selection of questions (eg., Three of five) you can ignore, without taking any risk two thematic blocks.

60% | Mini-Max Strategy: You want with little effort one thing: there are. Just for you, it is important to closely stick to the success factors in order to save unnecessary.

“The last 10 to 20 percent are the ones that drive me before exams regularly to madness. If you take only 80 to 90 percent before, a huge burden falls of one. “


Workshop: Your perfect learning strategies – Part 1

2. What content do I have to understand?

Usually no single topic is checked, but the substance of the entire seminar, school year or semester. Your mission: find out how important and probably are the individual parts. Usually tests are repeated in the basic structure. In addition, there is a huge effort to provide exam questions from scratch.

Usually only the question form is changed. The underlying evaluation scheme, the skills required and the same mixture of object types and relevant subject areas remain mostly the same. To grasp the better, it helps to know the following factors:

What content do I have to understand?

Number of questions about the latest exams Sophie, biologist, has tallied eg, that in the last three years always exactly 26 questions turn came. Eight (30%) of which about hormones, six (25%) of photosynthesis and in the remaining ten questions were asked two or three questions about the substance other areas (eg. as calculations).

Your learning priorities grip: you must all hormones and the process of photosynthesis can inside and out, then it has covered with these two issues, with 55 percent of the exam. It still lacks twelve questions organized around five other subjects. In the complicated calculations it is limited to two (three) types of calculations that are their personal good.

This confuses them less and thus loses up to one question. A calculated risk. Now she shared her learning time on hormones = 25 hours photosynthesis = 25 hours per 5 hours for the five other themes.

Old exams there the examiner, examination office, at higher semesters or the student council. When in doubt, it is worth googling for targeted “examination questions / tips for XY; Experience with testing XY “etc.. Sometimes students of other universities have posted questions to similar tests.

Physicians like to write “thought reports” and hold it down the questions and answers to their multiple-choice tests. If there is no reference or is the trade brand, ask the lecturers to sample tasks. At school, recommend good relations with higher years. They know the hard nuts, useful tricks and quirks of the teacher.

Weighting. How were the various topics of instruction weighted? Does the instructor teaches a subject longer than planned, for another cut? What has not been discussed and what will not be repeated at the end, is often not so important. Same then the lecture slides from the book. What are the priorities? What areas overlap?

Full Draw the structure of the lecture by: How many films are part of a Session?What part has the most examples, calculations, statistics, digressions? What subjects did you have to additionally read a book chapter? At what content there is most recommended reading?

A BWLer has found that the lectures while ushering the issue that in the tests to 80 per cent of the exercise material and the invoices have yet been asked from the tutorials. He practiced more tasks and saw the theory calmer eye.

Where is the heart? The goal is to find common ground, lying behind each question patterns and similarities. Carrying the findings together. Different exam questions often underlies the same goal. Consider some exam questions in recent years a statistics exam:

  • Discuss the challenges of quantitative and qualitative research methods in the study of XY.
  • Discuss the things that need to be considered when you have to choose between a qualitative and a quantitative research access.
  • The logic of quantitative and qualitative research is the same. Discuss!
  • Comparisons and Contrasting the assumptions and the structure of these two research methods: “a survey” and “an ethnographic study”.

What is striking? It’s always about a comparison of the advantages and disadvantages and the use of two basic research paradigms: either quantitatively with statistical analysis (which includes surveys, as shown veiled in question 4) and qualitative evaluations (this includes ethnographic studies).

All questions will come out on one and the same core! If you have this pattern by looking , you can create a corresponding schema. The complexity and uncertainty is reduced, it can be much more relaxed.

What content do I have to understand?

The same is true with calculations. There are each subject only a certain number of basic procedures or arithmetic operations that must be mastered. All around it are variations and applications. What are the underlying essential capabilities that you need to show / practice?

The time for learning is never enough for everything, but always for the essentials.

One can roughly ten percent of the lecture contents from the outset weed (digressions, examples, irrelevant subjects). Moreover, it is usually risky, too much to learn on hiatus. It’s easier to prioritize within the themes. Spare prefer to details, not to issues!

A good overview ( “Global Picture”) on the main theses and contexts of sub-themes are worth more than 100 footnotes. The Progress-o-meter to help you to work out the most important of each part area, without wasting too much time per area.

With the best learning strategies for target

What is checked frequently

  • “Hard” subjects: applications of evidence from theories derived implications, deduction, calculation methods, transfer duties
  • “Soft” subjects: controversies, debates, schools of thought, the main statements of authors
  • Content that has been dealt with later on in the semester / year
  • Understanding and applications
  • Duplication of topics (the same content in exercises, lessons in the book)
  • (R) interests of Profs
  • Summaries and repetitions of content in class / working materials
  • Tasks exercises and tutorials (especially those that occur more than once in modifications)
  • Depending on the subject (eg. B. Law, Economics, Sociology) will gladly discuss current issues from the media

With the best learning strategies for target

What is usually not explicitly checked

  • Introduction lessons
  • absolute basics (basic formulas, definitions)
  • detailed formulas and derivations, mathematical proofs (in applied subjects such as business studies or statistics)
  • descriptive material
  • Examples that have only led to the understanding of a theory
  • digressions
  • Contents of the last / penultimate lecture (if the topic is new and very complex and the examination date is imminent)
  • Guest tutorials

Workshop: Your perfect learning strategies – Part 1

3. What skills are needed?

Learning is made up of different skills. Sometimes learning is learning by heart only, but often are understanding, internalizing and automating new processes and movements or a certain way of thinking and things to analyze in the foreground.

What demands does the exam to you? Is it a multiple-choice test, the individual information queries (details important) or an application-oriented examination that requires a lot of understanding (Details can be reduced)? Rule of thumb: The more practical knowledge, application or calculations are required, the more you have to practice. The conceptual and theoretical testing, the more reading, summarizing and mind mapping are required.

The table is to show that each test is intrinsically and other success factors is determined. Gern combine multiple object types in a test. Matthias has z. B. a mixture of 1 open questions 2. Multiple Choice and 3. computing tasks. For the first part, he must bring theories and arguments in context, names and dates to memorize for the second part and practice for the third part, practice, practice.

Details are not to be condemned per se – they are tempted to ask because of the good verifiability. In subjects such as law, medicine and engineering, they may even be vital. Attempts to understand the key facts, but you still can not stand too long on side scenes.