How do I learn best? On piece or with many pauses? Surprising findings of learning psychology.

How do I learn best? Is it better to reinzuziehen all learning material at one time or insert short breaks? As an athlete, you have to decide: Either you will Sprinter or endurance runners. When learning we need both can: lie down daily targeted sprints and prove staying power over the learning period of time. What this looks like concrete and more answers to the question “How do I learn best” you learn in this article!

How do I learn best?

Why Sprint?

What happens with the memory performance when we long straight learn (dashed line)? She goes constantly back! Content can not be saved and overlap. The longer you learn, the less it brings!

Sprint or Marathon?  How do I learn best?

Through a break amazing thing happens: The memory increases!

Why? There is a so-called recency effect (reverb effect): If one interrupts learning, then the last information remains in memory and can be saved. After the break we are fresh and ready to shoot. As the saying goes: “First impressions count”. This is called Primacy Effect.

If you can best remember the beginning and the end of a lesson, how can we learn efficiently? Just as we have more beginnings and ends – by the secret weapon of learning: breaks!

A friend once told that he would read for a while, then sleep, read again, then sleep. I shook my head and thought, “how inefficient”. Today I have to admit that I was wrong. This rhythm of learning and processing pauses is learning psychology very clever. What has become of the nightcap? He had the best six-month average and now works for McKinsey (the better that he slept enough in the study – because the colleagues work known to 70 hours per week).

How do I learn best? Use the breaks

So you taktest your breaks sent

Breaks are fantastic: While we relax, our brain continues. In the subconscious, the information is processed and restructured. As we pause clever?

A deep breath is due to about 25 (students) to 45 (students) minutes. Rule of thumb: The more evidence-dominant learning, the more you need a stopover of two to five minutes. Close your eyes, relax. Sit back, staring out the window. Gern you may take to make a tea, ventilate. A few loosening exercises come in handy. Small hand grips are permitted: watering flowers down bring garbage, clean up things. The main thing: take NO new information! Taboo phone, mail, SMS, Facebook, Internet, newspapers. The brain needs the idle to save.

A pause is due when you complete a task. Ideally, you should, depending on the condition every 60 to 120 minutes a relaxing break from 15 to 30 minutes and inserting threads blocks portioned accordingly (see Progress-o-meter).

In a study made people who washed before testing, better results than those who learned until the last minute and did nothing! Why? When washing the body is activated and enhanced by the coordination of both hands the networking of the brain hemispheres. The head remains free for it. You therefore do not have to be fanatical rags. All Active is wise: Leave the desk. Shower cook, go for walks, do yoga.Odds and ends, where you have to work with the hands is not wrong: put laundry in the machine, just suck through the apartment or fill out a form. Orga-Kram, household or sports can be ideal as a stopgap in the learning process integrating without that we lose time! Of course you can also just relax, snooze, sleep, cuddle.Everything is allowed, what is not claimed your gray matter.

At long learning days are two longer rest breaks advisable: one at noon (at least one hour) and one for dinner. In chip-coma (noon deep) you are anyway not productive.Take your time, your body needs: Treat yourself to a spiritual pit stop (lie down and doze off 15 to 25 minutes – no more, otherwise it will be difficult to get up again). In the evening, a short round fitness, a walk in the park or a dinner offer. Then you had a little more time for repetitions.

Regular short learning sprints are more effective than an intellectual decathlon at the end.

How do I learn best?

The Marathon

Learning and motivation lead like a life of its own: Good days follow bad days, follow it even worse days. Time there is a bright spot, something drunk. Here robbed a cold concentration because crumbles pleasure with the dryness of the learning material.Only those who stay tuned and accepts that it usually “only” 60 percent of which creates what one has set out to do, is progressing. Tell himself guilty, does not work.Do not give up! How should the training effect come? Even if you manage only 20 percent of your workload – better than nothing! it is certainly easier tomorrow!

In addition, plateauing normal: We stand for days on the spot or felt no meters ahead. Our brain is not a Mac Book. Until new nerve connections form, it takes a while. And such a course as this is fairly typical:

Learning often resembles a Marathon

I have my progress observed in a language course: When I arrived in Rome, I could reasonably Italian, it was just asleep. After three days it went well. At the same time I learned new grammar rules and now noticed many mistakes. In doing everything right attempt I failed: too many tenses and exceptions! After a week I spoke worse than the beginning. I had to go down the pace and practiced targeted only one time per day form. From then on it was gradually improving.