- 1 How to make the best notes: Perfect transcripts in the meeting, teaching and lectures help structured learning.
How to make the best notes: Perfect transcripts in the meeting, teaching and lectures help structured learning.
By making notes this is such a thing. countless leaves and journals are in hard work in the classroom, scribbled in seminars, lectures and meetings. But the subsequent learning these transcripts and notes prove unhelpful. But without it? Also not a good idea … In this Artike I show you how to make sense mess your notes and transcripts and aufbereitest!
Finally a sensible system for notes and transcripts
record and write Clever
Do you have a clear system how you design your notes to learning? Some write too little, others too much. Finding the right mix is difficult. No wonder a lecture overloaded easily our capacities: You have to listen at the same time, to focus on writing and then should also be weighted? Not easy. Many transcripts are also quickly become confusing. The problem is not the details or the amount of substance, but the lack of structure. During my student years I have found and developed a notebook system that combines all the learning psychology-important aspects: It provides structure, association, reduction to the essential, integration of knowledge and capacity for creativity:
The “header” facilitates memory
There is space for the context data: The seminar, subtopic of the lecture, the date, time and Lecturers Name are self In addition, at the upper right is a sketch on. Where are you sitting? Who is sitting next to you? Write down feelings (you’re in a good mood, tired, smelly?) And directly before Erlebtes. Perhaps there is a special feature of this day? An important call? A slip of the faculty? These notes are saved along with the lecture and later help you to remember. Try it!
This is also a thought parking . Write down things that should remain in the lecture “left out” of the dispute with the partners, the speeding ticket, a problem about which you brooding. This signals the brain: This thing is not forgotten – but now we focus. Also helpful are specific questions . You create suction in the head.Write down if you like, a “aural task” for the hour: “What caused the French Revolution?” / “What exactly happens during nuclear fission?” So much for coincidence. Let’s get started. For the current transcript of the middle part of the sheet is reserved:
The “Notepad” is reserved for the transcript
There is space for all the arguments, examples, facts, statistics, charts, graphs and tables. It is advised to take down every word and to focus on key messages. So one would learn to distinguish between important and unimportant. In principle understandable, but I have other experiences made: Listed are only key messages, you have pretty worthless transcripts in the learning phase, because the main statements are usually so often discussed and repeated that they are readily apparent. Write prefer something more with editing the rich transcripts later by brushing, complete, highlight and summarize. Clear you must especially take notes good formulations as quotations. Usually, however, should be enough bullet points or “stitch kits”. Votes are abbreviations for common words (KD = cognitive dissonance, PK = postcolonialism) and symbols.
Start a new topic, play between the subject areas a hyphen or equal start a new page, to mark the transition. This helps to separate contexts and divide it into bite.
The “structural part” provides orientation
On the left side there is a 3-4 cm wide column. It is reserved for subheads or central questions. By this you ask not, but most of the notes, you generate a table of contents and can understand quickly the outline. Sometimes you will not be perfectly clear, the structure in the lecture. That does not matter, concentrate fully on taking notes, because now you’ve left space to reproduce the structure afterwards.
The “personal zone” is for our own thoughts
Often what is triggered by the words of thoughts, more valuable than the words themselves. This is personal and more imaginary knowledge. Neurologically just two unconnected memory parts have come together; a new connection has been born (is not that romantic?). This does not have to be permanent – they hold so firmly immediately! Write down thoughts , Aha-effects and application examples. Maybe you can the theory discussed on your internship or everyday relate?
Also to follow is the free space perfect: Compress the notes of the individual aspects of a core statement. What is your conclusion? Draw a thick clip and write it down!This is a valuable compression of “data” to “information” and ultimately creates “knowledge”. It is a small Global Picture – because you have this conclusion once in the head, you can each argument easily re-derived. Add the sketches, small photos or mini-structure maps to make it easier to remember the dry theory.
The footer is to glossary
Place for all things that need to be followed up in the footer is: Create a vocabulary list for specialists and foreign words that have remained unclear and have made it difficult to understand. This would hinder you in the future, so you should clear them after the lecture.
After the presentation is before the lecture
You see, you can conjure up a notepad lot. Complete Get a system that works for you. The main purpose is that you can afterwards add things nimble and recycle the material clearly without write off everything. Full Draw the structure again after, please complete headers left, draw hyphens. Emphasize with highlighters essential in the note part. Individual facts are like a swamp: the longer they are not looked at, the deeper sink the valuable cross-links into the depths of memory. Fasse therefore absolutely essential once again in their own words or outline the relationships.
prepare notes and transcripts sense
Transcribing notes and scripts
Existing transcripts and scripts can be structured and reduce by colors, limitations, boundaries, main categories, headings, intermediate upshots and reorganization:
Left we see each linear transcripts with many facts and enumerations. These are only weakly structured information. Law brought the facts in each case in a new order.The hierarchy is shown and gives a clearer picture in mind.
Top left you see again a difficult einprägbare transcript, because each page looks the same.Weights and cross-connections are missing. Law was worked over it, highlighted correlations and important. At the end the student decided that a table is clearer and ordered the new information (below). Another fellow student could by deleting irrelvanten details and summarizing similar statements their transcript from 20 to eight pages and reduce felt much more comfortable with the acquired insight.
Exercise: Reduce your transcripts
Take a transcript and reducing it by half. If you z. B. 30 pages
Transcript have, pranks, restructure, connect, soon it on 15 pages:
- Lifting important statements forth with the highlighter.
- Pranks trivial, digressions minor details.
- Drawing hyphens between subjects.
- Write personal thoughts, examples and upshots. Either in the personal zone right or on a separate sheet or a mind map
- Support the statements and thematic blocks with sketches, diagrams and pictures where it is appropriate.
The structuring of information is accompanied by the reduction of the course material on key statements and relationships. In this lesson step is the developmentin the foreground. In Chapter 7, it then goes to the compression already understood content in order to prepare them as compact as possible for testing.
“Through this reduction, I managed to minimize my 10-15 pages summary per chapter to two to five pages.”
Conclusion – make structured notes and write
Learning with Zoom
By structuring we work details again in the overlying Global Picture one that is constantly changing with the new information. When learning is mental flexibilityrequired. Bird and frog perspective alternate. There is an ongoing zooming in and out, which is similar to the orientation in the field. Search Let’s my birthplace …
- You give “Weststraße Lauchhammer” in Google Maps and are completely disoriented, because Google sends you directly in the map.
- This detailed view is confusing because you have never heard of the place. That’s why you zoom so long from the map until you find points of contact to your knowledge: you can see the map of Germany and see that the place is far east.
- You zoom in again and realize that Dresden are in the south and Cottbus in the Northeast.
- Only now you’re ready, the detail – the specific address – to anchor locally. You give the street name, but again catapulted you Google too far into detail.
- You zoom out again and see: The road is quite central, near the church. Finally, you’re ready for the “Satellite View” and are looking for possible parking spaces in the area.
Your Zoom in learning are the W-questions of the Global Pictures, mind maps and structure maps. Work with graphic overviews to arrange details to repeatedly. They are your maps through the fabric area!