Resume Guide: American resume

What is an American resume?

An American resume is now also increasingly popular in Europe. Compared to traditional european resume of American resume is built anti chronologically.

That is, the previous positions are not detailed in the resume in an ascending order but in descending order.Something simple words: the last activity carried out is an American resume top all previous activities are listed in descending below.

All questions available resume templates are written in the style of an American curriculum vitae and can therefore also as examples of these are used.

Compared with the chronological resume an American resume offers the advantage that the current station in the resume is immediately visible and you this therefore does not have to laboriously search.

Are presented at the American resume the different activities and the related practice areas in tabular form analog to conventional european summary.

American resume or rather chronological structure?

American resume or rather chronological structure?

This question can not be answered generally. First, however, you should thoroughly study the information that is provided to a candidate for the job.

When applying for a place at the answer to this question, for example in the information provided by the College of candidates could be found.

When applying for a job a reference to the desired type of resume may be found in the job announcement. If no information on the nature of your resume can be seen, an American resume especially with slightly longer CVs recommends.

For short CVs, however, are the rule, particularly among schoolchildren, and the German, chronological resume can be used.

By relatively few stations in the life of a student that is automatically already relatively clear, so that the last activity carried out readily apparent even without an anti-chronological order.

 Chronological resume


chronological resume

A chronological resume is a time ascending structured presentation past experiences of a person. It is started when listing the-most in the past Station / activity.

The last stop or the last activity carried out at the end of the collection. To illustrate a quick example:

  • 01.09.1998 – 01.06.2002 primary school Musterstadt
  • 01/09/2002 – 01/06/2010 Pattern school, Musterstadt
  • 01.09.2010 – 01.09.2013 patterning at Musterfirma


When is a chronological resume suitable?

When is a chronological resume suitable?

The chronological resume is particularly suitable for short résumés how have him, for example, students typically.

A chronological resume is appropriate when the history of a person is not to be shown to job application but information from beginning to end.

A candidate with a longer resume should think rather whether an American CV for the purpose of an application is not better.


Resume Guide: Short CV

Tips & Information for Short CV


More and more companies demand now in the application process of the candidates not only a detailed, standardized content CV , but alternatively a so-called short CV .

Below therefore some background information and tips which should help you in writing a short CV something.

The objective of the short CV

The starting point for explaining the short CV should be at this point of its objectives: The short life cycle is basically a focused on the interests of the company and to the desired point presentation of your qualifications and skills.

Compared to traditional detailed (tabular) resume the short life cycle so a focus on the essentials required. Therefore, unimportant, or for the body little relevant data should be omitted from the short life cycle and presented in a condensed form.

Among other things, you can give the potential employer by your ability to compress important and relevant information and efficiently get to the point and present them while still optimally to clarify – a skill that is required today to days in many professions.

In addition, the potential employer can more quickly gain a focused on your skills and qualifications impression of you.

The contents of a short CV

Looking at the structure and content structure of a short CV, so this same first the conventional (tabular) CV. Broken down this often is in the following areas:

  • Personal data
  • Professional background
  • education
  • Special skills & qualifications
  • (Interests)

Specifying interests may be useful if they fit the body and support your motivation for the job and your qualifications and skills in the best case.

If these have no or only a little relation to the associated with the new location requirements, can be dispensed with in the disclosure of interests in the short life cycle – because this information is for a short life cycle (if not explicitly required) the least relevant.

Scope of Short CV

Frequently, a maximum length of one A4 page is recommended for short life cycle.

Particularly for applicants with a longer career this objective is likely to be more challenging, because in such a case falls the selection of data to be presented particularly difficult. to which data can then best be dispensed can not be proposed flat rate, since this selection should be individualized for each CV and any place.

For the shortening of information in short CV

In the case of “personal data” is not possible a shortened representation of information in most cases. In the other, are relevant to short life cycle areas does. Below is an example for shortening of information in short CV compared to the presentation in a “conventional” resume.

Suppose that the range of careers includes in your “conventional” resume a station in the following pattern:

Musterfirma GmbH & Co. KG, 12345 Musterstadt

  • Summary Activity 1
  • Summary Activity 2
  • Short description of activity 3

How could now therefore a compressed representation of the data look like? The following is a suggestion:

Musterfirma GmbH & Co. KG, 12345 Musterstadt

  • Summary Activity 1 in connection with activities 2
  • If possible abbreviated representation of activity 3

In the event that activity 3 has little or no relevance in the new company for the new location, the view could alternatively look we follows:

Musterfirma GmbH & Co. KG, 12345 Musterstadt

  • Summary Activity 1 in connection with activities 2

These examples can be even close to cover the possible cases, of course, no way – rather, this may be only a small input for display, here are your individual skills for information acquisition from the job description and the compressed representation of information demand.

Moreover, even in giving up could resume photo with a short life cycle, could be considered, as this can, in most cases (depending on the layout), some space can be saved.

Resume Guide: Functional resume

The resume is the most important part of the application and has no capacity to tell stories superfluous. Instead of referencing facts, data, knowledge and arguments for its own person.

This jump the HR ideally right in the eye and are consistent with the formulated requirements for the job.

Besides the classic CV meanwhile also enjoys the functional resume an increasing popularity in Germany. Its construction combines functions, knowledge, skills and achievements of the applicant with the aim of giving the recruiter a complete profile.

The recruiter or employer receives quick access to school or vocational information, which are important for the position offered. Compared with the CV-year figures here assume a subordinate role. The focus is on knowledge and skills of the candidate.

How to write a functional resume?

The chronological resume is the professional development of the candidate in the focus. All professional positions are in chronological order, starting with the current position.

The knowledge and skills of the applicant arising from the previous professional appointments.These stations are again provided with the associated time information and a detailed description of each item.

In addition, can be found at any position key points, which give information about the relevant tasks and activities digestion. Ideally, this type of resume does not contain any (time) gaps.

Just as the curriculum vitae, a functional resume is well structured. Broken down, a functional resume is however to knowledge and skills.

Each capability / qualification is then a formal account of the experience, which are evidence of this, where these skills and qualifications of a candidate submitted.

The various existing stations career of a candidate are thus grouped according to ability / skill and not, as usual, the classic CV, listed individually.

In addition, can still be cited successes which can under ponds the respective skills and qualifications. The time sequence is irrelevant in functional resume.

Rather, it is the construction of the functional CV aimed at drawing the reader’s attention directly on the knowledge and skills of the candidate.

In a functional resume of the candidate also has the option of combining combinable information from various levels of detail in a new outline level. In this way he can emphasize that certain experiences in a new job can be transmitted even if they have not taken a central role in recent professional appointments.

The tabular arrangement, the applicants maintained or not. If he waives the tabulation, it can be summed up his experience and knowledge in keywords and use, where appropriate, as headings.

Advantages of functional resume

If the applicant has in a short time often changed jobs, the functional structure of the resume makes it to, knowledge and experience particularly emphasized. In this way, it distracts from the many job changes.

The consequence: changing jobs can be optionally represent positive.

Furthermore, the functional resume affects vorteilig if there is no relationship between the past and the desired location. Because the candidates can focus on past experience. Further advantages of the functional resume at a glance:

  • Skills (project management, marketing, sales and other) can be divided into separate headings optimal stress
  • Displays the strength and capacity of the candidate
  • Gaps in your CV fall to less
  • The functional structure offers advantages in long-standing and diverse experience

Disadvantages of the functional resume

Those to which a CV is addressed are, usually to a chronological resume construction used.Applicants who deviate from this form of the resume with their application, may call mistrust and confusion out of the reader.

The functional resume affects many recruiters and employers, as if the candidate has something to hide. Other disadvantages of the functional resume at a glance:

  • Resistances at HR managers because not exactly traceable career
  • HR can suggest the attempt to conceal gaps
  • Neglecting the company, in which the applicant was active
  • Limitations in the description of the person and their competencies
  • Neglect of the duration of each position
  • The exact time course of the careers in many cases is subject of the interview

For whom a functional CV is useful for?

The functional resume is recommended, for example, applicants who were long seeking work or believe that their age is a handicap in the job search.

Next, a functional resume for career changers or candidate may be suitable, who frequently changed jobs or who apply for a job, which would be a great career move – especially if an applicant can show still relatively little experience.

The same is true for freelancers, self-employed and people who have just graduated.

 How to create a successful resume correctly

Patterns for a good CV

The curriculum is the figurehead of your application. Take advantage of the chance to make a good first impression.

We give you tips on how to create a successful resume and provide you with a free template for creating your personal resume available. You can also create your complete application including all application components with the free application generator.

A good CV gives the recruiters at first glance the most important information about the applicant. When preparing You should therefore pay attention to a clear structuring.

Step 1: Contact the resume

Bring personal data for example, in the header of your CV. The contact information in your resume include: name, address, telephone number and e-mail address. It is evident that it is your contact information – you need this is not specially mentioned.

In order to write information in the resume template, click in the header of the template to the individual fields and replace the red text with your information.

You can change the font color and then by clicking on the Word toolbar the little arrow next to the icon A and select the color black or “Automatic”.

Step 2: Personal information in CV

Under the heading “Personal” to enter the red marked places your specific information.Birth date and place, as well as information on the marital status ranging from completely here.

Do not bore the recruiters with information on parental occupation or your political views. Information of this kind have no place in the life course.

Step 3: Information concerning careers in their CV

Proceed with information about your work history in reverse chronological order. That is, the current position is mentioned first. In no case it is sufficient to list only the stations of your career.

The recruiter can not do anything with such an incomplete resume.

Therefore wear in addition to the bullet in note form the main tasks and responsibilities of a, with which you have been entrusted to the respective position.

More bullets add by pressing ENTER after the last entry. Bullets to remove by clicking next to the bullet box and press the delete key (left arrow).

Step 4: Structure of the training in resume

Under the heading “Education” you have the opportunity to provide information on vocational training to school and study, internships and community service or the army.Insert your data in the appropriate places of the template.

The superfluous fields can be removed by selecting the text in two columns (left mouse button pressed). Then press the right mouse button and select “Delete Cells” from.

Conversely, you can add cells by moving the mouse gently to the bottom of the last cell. Now appears a small black arrow.

Click once on the left. The text of the left cell of the row is now highlighted. Then select the top of the toolbar “table”, click on “Insert Cells” and “cells above” or “below cells”.

Step 5: Additional knowledge and skills in the resume

In the section “Additional qualifications” include information on seminars, training courses and foreign language and computer skills.

Please note at the end: The information on internships and seminars are only useful if they are relevant to the job to which you wish to apply. On the other hand gaps in your CV should be avoided. If in doubt, it is better to fill a gap by a less relevant indication.

The heading “hobbies and interests” is not included in this CV template, since experience has shown that many applicants try, more interesting to be represented by an unusual hobby, which they actually did not pursue.

HR know this and often give the heading therefore little attention. More about hobbies in your resume

Do not forget to set the date and signature on your resume. Send your CV in electronic form (e-mail) or load it in the online application process as a file high, so you do not have to provide your digital signature.

If your application do not have a cover page, also bring to your professional-built portrait photo in the upper right corner of the CV.

In this case, use the template the free space between header and table. Opt for an application with a cover sheet, you can delete the gap by moving the mouse to the left on the title of “Personal data”. Automatically appears a cross. If you now hold the left mouse button, you can move the table as desired.

Resume content

That should keep the impressive resume


To increase the chances of a setting, the resume should contain all relevant possible for the position data which permit conclusions about the qualifications and interests of an applicant.

Basically, human resource managers have the aim to filter out those candidates from the applications that best meets the job requirements and, furthermore, possible fits best into the team. A

mere, written application alone is it a rule not out yet, but this rule is the basis for determining whether a candidate will be invited for an interview and an assessment center. A central and important document of the application is the resume .

It provides HR managers a quick overview of the recent history and the previously performed by the candidate. Therefore, one should be for the resume -content take the necessary time to the resume then actually contains all relevant data.

Tip: Explore the structure and content directly to an example: CV form

Basic categories resume

The following categories (if available) are usually found in a resume.

1. Personal Information

The personal data not only provide first information on the person, but also contain in most cases also the contact details of the applicant.

Usual information in the “Personal Data”: full name, date of birth, address, phone number / mobile phone number, e-mail address andmarital status .

For applicants whose nationality can not be derived directly from the name, is usually still the word ‘nationality’ added.

2. Career / Experience

This category of the resume can accommodate the presentation of previous careers or work experience.

The to leading data are the activity duration, specifying the month and year (eg 01/2013 -. 07/2013), the job title (eg Chemielaborantin.), The work center (for example, sample-Chemie GmbH, Model City.) And 3- 5 main activities in this period.

3. Vocational training / Vocational training

In this category, the vocational training can be represented. The display can be selected here analogous to the presentation of the careers, instead of the 3-5 most important activities can be sketched in this case, the training focus.

Optionally, moreover, even the final grade will be given, which lends itself especially in particularly good financial statements.

4. Higher education

This category can be used in your resume to order (if any) to highlight the academic training.Here again, period, university / college, degree, course content, topic of thesis and final grade may be mentioned again.

5. Education / Vocational College

This category in the CV can be used to indicate the secondary school. Specifying the primary school is not necessary in the CV. Alternatively, the contents of the categories “vocational training”, “Higher education” and “Vocational College” into a single category “education” are summarized.

6. Further developments

The “developments” can be used in order to make the staff responsible for the completed developments carefully. Again, the data in the already known form period, type of training, organization can (to which the training has been carried out) and where appropriate the reached with the further entry into or acquired through the training certificate will be given.

7. Computer literacy

In the category “Computer skills” may relevant to the site computer skills are given. This may, for example knowledge of office software (eg. Microsoft Office), ERP software (eg. SAP) or programming language (eg. Java).

8. Language skills

Language skills can also be listed in a separate category. In addition to the language in which it has as a candidate corresponding skills, and the skill level should also specify. More information can be found on the page language skills in your resume . Alternatively, can be summarized language skills and computer skills along with other skills in a category “Special skills”.

9. Hobbies and Interests

The CV-category “Hobbies and Interests” offers the possibility of hobbies and interests, which are possible relevance for the job to lead.

In this category also volunteer activities can be cited beyond. More comprehensive information regarding hobbies in your resume are on the same side hobbies in your resume to find.

Alternatively, the contents of the category “hobbies and interests” may be “Special skills & interests” summarized under one category.

After CV-content signature follows

After the resume was filled with the appropriate content, it should be signed at the end. TheCV-signature is not only that the information given truthfully CV, special she still gives the resume  in addition a more personal touch. The resume content should it be signed in the usual way place, date and signature.

Checklist – Tips and Advice to resume

So when writing nothing is forgotten, here is a small “checklist” with tips and hints for the CV. Since it is advisable to proceed carefully when writing the resume, the following points should also be seen as a little food for thought and ideas that you may be able to incorporate in your resume.

Of course, this list is not exhaustive and depending on the organization and industry, there may be features that should be considered, but – maybe you can list these provide valuable information and ideas.

Personal- and contact information – I have all the relevant and general contact specified?

Thus any interested organization can quickly and easily get in touch with you, you should ensure that all relevant personal information and contact details can be found in the corresponding section of your resume.

Among the usual personal information includes first and last name, and date of birth and marital status. Among the important contact address, and phone number and an email address belongs.

In addition, you can also specify the number of your mobile phone, so that the prospective buyer can you even if you are traveling achieve.

My resume  – Which stations there have been in my life?

To on longer CVs not to forget it may be advisable to collect the previous positions of education and professional career clearly. It may be helpful to look through the recent documents such as certificates, certificates and statements and to compare the same time, what documents could be particularly relevant for the advertised position thereof.

Especially with longer resumes, it may be helpful if you initially even gives an overview of the achievements to date and makes clear how its profile looks like and what individual strengths and experiences you could highlight.

To the point – What is especially important, as I would like to draw the attention?

Of course, you have done so far in your life a lot, you have visited schools, have graduated or studied an education. Perhaps you could moreover have work experience and have trained alongside.

The longer the current CV, the greater the challenge will summarize everything clearly and highlight the relevance to the new field of expertise. Here the tip: Read the job posting carefully because it usually contains at least some of the requirements, which should suffice for an application.

Inform about the professions and find out in which of your skills should be beyond highlighting best and on what your skills you should draw attention. Bring your data in addition to the point, so your strengths not perish.

Details evidence – I have proof of my information?

Ask to be sure that you can not just say something or but deliver note also appropriate documents with. This may, for example education, training and employment certificates, which document your skills.

Even at this point it may be advisable to think about which documents to add his application.

While Attending a one-hour project management workshops at a trade show is certainly nice, but is it really necessary, the certificate of attendance obtained thereafter mitzuschicken also when applying if you can demonstrate its project management skills also by another, possibly more meaningful document?

Signature – I have signed my resume?

The signature on the resume  is commonly seen as insurance by you that the information provided in the CV is incorrect.

Not every employer pays particular attention to whether the resume is now signed or not. However, it is advisable to ensure that no unwanted effects through a fairly simple correctable flaw.

Experience, expertise and soft skills (-> Social Competence) – Can I use these three fields in my resume ?

Experience and expertise are for employers has always been powerful arguments in the selection of candidates. The slightly newer field of so-called “soft skills” also plays at this day but an increasingly important role.

Underlying this is the social skills that brings a candidate, that is, for example, whether a candidate is a team player and can work with other people and deal.

Even if an applicant can bring a lot of experience and great expertise cooperation still be uncomfortable if it lacks any capacity for teamwork, for example, and his superiors and colleagues met with a particularly arrogant nature.

Especially when dealing with customers, the “soft skills” of a candidate are particularly in demand. Here the little food for thought: Do about thoughts which of your previous activities to use these three fields. In the area of “soft skills” you can, for example, your interests, such as team sports or honorary positions help to impart relevant skills.

Complete Panorama – Assigns my resume gaps or I can explain these gaps?

If your resume have larger gaps, you should consider whether you can fill any. If you were, for example, a longer time abroad, you could take for example an extension of your cultural and linguistic horizons with in your resume.

In any case, you should but think about how to explain these gaps, because you may be asked about it in the interview. Do not think that you have a certain time located just being lazy your potential new employer.

Clean and tidy – Is my CV free of optical defects, coffee stains and dog-eared?

A neat and careful operation will not only gladly seen by employers, but rather is a standard requirement that candidates should meet.

Application and resume  should be considered candidates as a first working sample by which the recipient receives a first impression of the operation of the author. In order for the documents from the outset to make a good impression, visual defects, such as coffee stains, kinks, smeared printer ink and Eselsohren definitely should be avoided.

Even small formatting errors should be corrected prior to the dispatch of the material. Examples of such errors are thin white stripes on the document edges, which can occur when a color-filled area has not been placed accurately, or lines and spaces that were not used accurately, carefully and consistently.

The use of different fonts and sizes for the same elements of the curriculum vitae (eg for headings) may preclude a positive first impression, where appropriate.

The matching keywords – If the reader is already discovering important keywords when flying over the life course?

For placing important keywords of CV offers various options. These can be incorporated for example, in the Summary of the hitherto activities carried out, the list of training content or the presentation of completed training.

These keywords are so important, as these from the requirements which the employer has created the vacancy, emerge. When reading the documents, the personnel managers eighth rule especially to this, also from the job announcement stemming keywords.

Analyze therefore carefully job posting by such terms and consider them in your resume.

CV Photo – Makes the Resume picture a professional and positive impression?

Although the use of a CV-photos is not mandatory, it is still common in the application within Germany usually.

But remember that the CV-photo often the first visual impression of your person is received by the recipient of your documents.

And because the first impression is known so important, you should use a professional photo for your CV. A professional photographer can help you make a professional and sympathetic impression on the photo. Tip: Consult possibly also friends about how the photo will look on them.

Since self and others is quite may vary significantly, can help you regarding your effect in the photo when selecting the assessment of other people.