What is work? A definition
Meanwhile, the various sciences deal with the subject, and they all come to their own interpretations.
In this article we examine in brief some of the definitions and provide an outlook, why work is so important for humans.
The Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon defined work as ”
targeted, social, scheduled and conscious, physical and mental activity .” In reference to the reader thus finds a definition that requires further definition. The explanation of the lexicon after a moment’s reflection, however, clear fairly quickly.
Targeted work is because the worker has a specific goal in mind, whether it is a manufactured product, a written text or tightening a nut on a workpiece. Social work is because it is in most cases in a relationship with the company, and as planned, because you have to develop a plan to achieve its objective.
Therefore, work can provide only consciously held. The subdivision in mental and physical labor seems to be just as logical. But even this definition has its weaknesses. Is sport really work, eventually adjust the criteria set out in any physical exercise? And what about hobbies such as traveling the world, reading or puzzles?
Misunderstandings, as the examples mentioned they can cause, arising from the broad field that is associated with work. The definition of the economic lexicon Gabler namely not talking about work in general, but rather refers to the employment. It is a form of work, such as housework too. To simplify the matter, paid work is meant when work is mentioned in this article.
Purpose of gainful employment is the livelihood. She was right at the beginning – people chased their food and procured directly the materials to build their refuge.
Social differentiation, increasing specialization (division of labor) and the exchange economy have helped these days that most people can save their lives indirectly in capitalist societies.
The average person goes to his company, carries out work there, is rewarded with money and buys in the supermarket. to be torn, the risks in the food supply of a Jaguar, is only theoretical.
Working as a production factor
In economics, one understands the work, however as factors of production such as land and capital. However, such a definition ignores the people, which is inseparable from the work.
Why can be problematic can be the example of the division of labor and specialization describe.Through greater separation of the operations and a further-driven specialization, production increases. That’s right. And wrong.
Because at some point, the employee is suffering from the same old activities and can not express themselves freely. Mental and physical symptoms are the result.Finally, the whole resulting in a reduced production capacity (the employer’s perspective) and poorer health (perspective of the worker).
Work and Religion – The path to enlightenment
The different religions deal with the topic of work and have their own definitions. In Islam, it is the duty of everyone to develop his own living and that – hear, hear – in an honest way. Apart from its beginnings can lead to spiritual enlightenment in Buddhism work.
The oft-cited example of the monks who got a brainstorm while gardening, a here comes to mind. In Christianity, was working for a long time as a punishment from God because “In the sweat of [s] a Given” man should earn outside paradise his livelihood.
Whatever way you define now interprets a should be clear in any case: paid work always involves the people. Without a person can not (paid) work be done and the person essentially determines the size of the labor.
But it is not only the product, work always acts on those who exercises. The baker is pleased with the delicious cake, the plumber turns satisfy the water supply and the manager rushes from one appointment to the next.
How important is just the observation of reciprocity, numerous studies show that deal with the so-called industrial psychology and discuss the psychological effects of work. For an employee who delights in his work, usually brings more and better performance.
For this reason, we move in our large series of industrial psychology at the proverbial body and show why it is both for job seekers, for employees but also for the companies of increased interest.