- 1 Work abroad: USA
- 1.1 Pay, protection against dismissal and holidays in the US
- 1.2 Watch video How to get a job Abroad: work in USA
- 1.3 Working abroad: Canada
- 1.3.1 Welcome to Canada – the jump across the pond
- 1.3.2 Work permit in Canada
- 1.3.3 residency permit
- 1.3.4 Labor market in Canada
- 1.3.5 Apply in Canada
- 1.3.6 Personal contact
- 1.3.7 Cover letter and resume
- 1.3.8 Job references and reference encoder
- 1.3.9 Interview and daily work in Canada
- 1.3.10 Holiday period and notice period in Canada
- 1.3.11 Useful and curious information about Canada
- 1.4 Watch video about Work in Canada
- 1.5 Work abroad: New Zealand
- 1.6 Work abroad: England
Work abroad: USA
“You come here purely net”: Without a visa, no fun
enter the US is not difficult – as a tourist. If you’re planning a long-term (more than three months) stay, which seems, though different. This requires a visa.
Which visa is right depends on how long you want to live and work in the US. For a limited time to offer several options: The most common is the H1B visa. This will be awarded with a residence of six years to professionals with a university degree or special professional qualifications. There are also many other non-immigration visas, with which one can work in the US: Wider information about the correct visa provides the website of the American Embassy .
Who just wants to work indefinitely in America seeking the much-cited career from rags to riches or, is to apply for a nonimmigrant visa (more commonly known as Green Card) do not come around. Those who do not have relatives in the US, has to hope one of 140,000 needed annually professionals or lucky winner of the Green Card in the Green Card Lottery ‘to be.
Application Process in the USA
The job search has to start from Germany, because that is not allowed on a tourist visa.
Too extensive applications are in the United States not as popular as here in Germany, for the “Cover Letter” (must cover letter ) notice by color or mottling – a little “eye candy” as it were of like entertaining Americans. Content includes the own skills and a coherent rationale for the interest of employees in each business imperative in the cover letter inside.
The CV is anti chronologically, ie the most recent event first, arranged exactly as it is in this country handled in most cases. In a passport photo will be omitted in the normal case, as in the US anonymous applications are the norm. This means that they received information about the name, age, sex, nationality or denomination. However, the references part comes, a great importance.When references are understood contact information of people who know how to report positive about qualification and operation of the applicant.
Interview and daily work – “You can call me Al”
In the US, it is quite possible that the interview is conducted on first name basis, by you it is linguistically related anyway. The whole therefore has a priori looser than a week in this country.Caution: why not fall into chat over coffee mood, but give factual answers to the questions of the Persona coupler.
Even in everyday work prevails in the United States often a relaxed and informal atmosphere before which make the cooperation pleasant. Also, several times per day inquired after the health.The first time already with the very familiar greeting “Hi, how are you?”. A detailed reporting until he does not expect from the person concerned. A simple “Good, how are you?” Is doing enough.
In most American companies, employees talking in principle by their first names. Hierarchies must nevertheless be respected: The distinction of the position can also be found in the welcome again: For example, the boss is not greeted with “Hi”, but with the less familiar “Hello”.
In the clothing at work frequently great emphasis on etiquette. The office outfit turns out quite conventional: the stronger sex in the suit and the beauty in costume.
Of course, this may vary from company to company as well as in several states, however, many similarities in corporate culture and handling are observed.
Pay, protection against dismissal and holidays in the US
Unlike in Germany, it is in the United States do not usually monthly but every two weeks per Paycheck (check) or deposit (bank transfer) paid.
In terms of vacation days exists between Germany and the United States a world of difference, which requires some getting used needs of emigrants. While we are spoiled Germans with an average of 28 paid vacation days, a minimum number of days of vacation in the US is not even laid down by law. Some companies take advantage of this scheme and provide the first year, only five days of paid vacation, only after many years of membership, one can expect a holiday of two weeks.
Just as the United States is the land of opportunity, but it is also possible overnight losing a job: “hire and fire” is called the principle – and it means no statutory notice periods. Accordingly change Americans significantly more often the job as the Germans. This is called “flexible labor market”.
Law and order: No holidays by law, but …
In the US, though holidays are not determined by law, but there are in different states all sorts of other funny and strange laws.
1. This makes it rested at work:
In Logan Country, Colorado, men may not harass their slumbering sweetheart with kisses.
2. He is not distracted from work:
In Pasadena, California, Secretaries can not be with her boss alone in a room.
3. A heart for customers:
In Nebraska are prohibited hairdressers, during working hours to eat onions.
4. A contribution to noise reduction:
Good audible count backwards in hexadecimal, is illegal in Cupertino, California.
If one can not be put off by these limitations, however, the dream of working in the US is (almost) nothing in the way.
Watch video How to get a job Abroad: work in USA
Working abroad: Canada
Welcome to Canada – the jump across the pond
Much like in the United States entry for German citizens as a tourist in Canada usually runs smoothly. However, the visitors have to demonstrate that they can finance their stay and also the flight itself. With a valid passport is German can up to six weeks going out to explore the country and look around at the same time for suitable job offers. Whoever finds something and want to work in Canada, requires a special work permit, called the “work permit” or “permis de travail”.
Work permit in Canada
The temporary work permit (temporary work permit) should be applied because of the processing time at the latest three weeks before the end of the approved visitors stay. The forms for the work permit is obtained at the Canadian government during “Service Canada” .
Who wants to work in Canada, should already looking from Germany to potential jobs. Namely, in order to obtain a work permit, the applicant must submit a concrete job offer from a Canadian employer the HRDC (Human Resources Development Canada). And that’s not all: The Canadian boss has the authority in turn prove that no suitable Canadian candidate available for the job.
And why all this stress? Quite simply, in Canada applies: concern for your citizens! In this way the government wants to prevent vacancies are filled with foreign workers when there are equally qualified Canadians who then turn home Däumchen.
The work permit is indeed temporary, but applies generally for several years. Who work in the long term in Canada or even to emigrate there, must apply for “permanent residence”. In a special scoring system of the applicant’s claim is then assessed against the following criteria:
- work experience
- linguistic proficiency
- personal suitability
- Prospect of a job
- Affinity for Canada
For more information about travel to Canada can be found on the Canadian side of the Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration (CIC) .
Labor market in Canada
Canada is every year thousands of immigrants welcome, but separates the government aware of the wheat from the chaff. The Government pays special attention to highly trained professionals: Job seekers with professional experience and good language skills (ideally English and French) are here in a comfortable position. Overall, there is in Canada a great demand for technicians,engineers , craftsmen and doctors .
To work in Canada, it is also crucial to the region in which you are applying. Since 1969,
English and French are equally recognized official languages in Canada, but only about 20 per cent of Canadians fluent in both languages. Because of the bilingualism but asked French language skills, depending on provincial English or. If you want to be, for example. Apply for a job in Québec, fluent French is a prerequisite.
Apply in Canada
The application process is similar in Germany in Canada. However, there are small but subtle differences. So usually a telephone or personal contact with the potential employer is customary, before the application documents to be submitted. This type of initiative is in Canada to well and allows the employer to make a first impression of the personality of the applicant.
Cover letter and resume
to classical application belong to Canada, only the letter of application ( cover letter ) and CV(resume). In cover letter, the applicant should place particular emphasis on the personal motivation and practical skills. If you already have a work permit, which should be mentioned in the letter. – This is a clear advantage, as it saves on the company bureaucracy.
Just as in the US, the application documents will be made anonymous in Canada. There are spared any information on the name, age, nationality, religion and marital status. As part of the anti-discrimination Canadians also do without a passport photo . The curriculum starts in principle with the last employment (anti chronological order) and also includes volunteer activities or interesting hobbies with, which could be relevant for the job.
Job references and reference encoder
from an extensive application portfolio is not recommended strongly in Canada. Only when asked specifically thereafter in the tender documents as German educational or work certificates along with an English translation must be attached. Typically Canadian employers may start but little with the sometimes puzzling for her German estimates. Instead, play personal recommendationsor References a greater role, which are listed as a name at the end of the CV. Overall in Canada: less is more – the resume should be limited to one page.
Interview and daily work in Canada
The relationship with colleagues in Canada – similar to the US – friendly and informal. This relaxed atmosphere is also candidates once taught.
Therefore, one should be in the interview not be irritated them when the recruiter a suddenly responds directly by their first names. The English language makes known manner anyway no difference between the personal salutation and the polite form. Unimpressed insist on the last name, acts so petty and comes when Canadians not well likely to. However, also here: The boss only by his first name call, if the supervisor proposes directly.
However, one should go to the repeatedly asked on the day question of the personal being not too much detail and certainly not spill the beans – here the opposite expects only a polite “Thanks!” Or even the direct opposite question ( “Fine, how are you?”).
Holiday period and notice period in Canada
The number of legal holidays varies across Canadian provinces, but the minimum is 10 days. Who was working a year to be entitled to a paid leave of two weeks – after five years, the holiday period is increased to three weeks. In addition, Canadian workers can expect eight to nine public holidays depending on the region.
As in Germany, a notice must be submitted in writing. During the first three months, an employer may terminate the employment relationship without notice without giving reasons. After three months, the notice period is governed by the regulations in the respective province, but the period is in many regions only a week and therefore is de facto hardly.
Useful and curious information about Canada
- Who makes a purchase over 50 cents in Canada, the amount must not only pay with pennies. It is therefore not possible aufzusparen the annoying change for the weekend sale.
- Canada is known for its wonderful snowy landscapes. But who spontaneously engages in Calgary to snowball, it gets done with the mayor. Before white battle namely the consent of the City chief catch.
- Motorists are allowed to drive no faster than a horse or a carriage in Jasper Gates.
- As in the US: The consumption of alcohol is forbidden in public.
- In Edmonton, it is prohibited strictly men to drink together with a woman a beer in a bar.
- The Canadian Winnepeg still puts more emphasis on decency. Here you must remember only drawn curtains pants down – who will be caught by a neighbor at home nudist must be accountable.
Watch video about Work in Canada
Work abroad: New Zealand
Similar to Canada German citizens can enter as a tourist in New Zealand with a valid passport in his luggage. The tourist visa is only true for three months and does not include a work permit with.Who spend in New Zealand not only his vacation but live there for a long time and want to work, have to take some hurdles before.
For the Kiwis, as the New Zealanders like to call each other and so pay homage to the national bird of the same name, only provides skilled professionals access to their labor markets.
Work permit for employees
Work permit in New Zealand is not equal work permit. Which visa is right, depends on the desired length of stay. Who once will sniff professional air in New Zealand for one to two years, should seek to attract the so-called “Application to Work”, which is valid for three years.
„Application to Work“
Even with the application for the work visa to all foreign guests a job offer (job offer) to submit by a local employer. But that’s still not enough, because the New Zealand boss must prove that there is no local expert available for the post again.
With this scheme, the government wants to prevent foreign applicants an equally qualified Kiwi take the job. But that’s no reason to despair: The Immigration Department does not expect a signed contract, but merely a non-binding job offer.
If there is the offer, the authorization request is usually nothing now. When the temporary visa expires then, convinced Zealand fans can directly apply for a follow-work visa – and as often as they want. An official limit for submission of applications do not exist.
Working Holiday Visum vs. Permanent Residence Permit
An alternate and especially less expensive way to work in New Zealand, is the Working Holiday Visa. This visa, however, is exclusively for people between 18 and 30 years, who want to connect so that travel and job. For older vintages have to be content with the “Application to Work”.
Who already knows from beforehand that he wants to settle down for a longer period of time in New Zealand, needed a permanent residence permit – the “Permanent Residence Permit”. For such a permanent residence immigration authorities checked using a special scoring system not only the English language skills and professional qualifications of job seekers, but also his medical records.
“New Zealand” strives not only to skilled workers, but also very healthy. Those lucky enough to hold a coveted visa in his hands, can as long as he wants to live and work in the beautiful end of the world.
Labor market in New Zealand
In New Zealand, some four million inhabitants, hence the labor market compared with German is relatively manageable. But the peace and quiet of nature make the island nation for immigrants from around the world into an absolute dream destination.
While it is possible, even to look locally for jobs, but should Candidates already before departure at the “New Zealand Qualifications Authority” (NZQA) report. This leads on the basis of qualifications and professional experience in addition a kind of academic classification of foreign workers by, lay on the many New Zealand employers special value.
Response to labor shortages in New Zealand, among others in the construction industry, mechanical engineering, chemical industry, biotechnology and information technology. Also in the infrastructure and the transport and logistics industry, new employees are sought. To have a fighting chance against the local competition in the New Zealand labor market as a German expert, fluent in English, however, are an absolute must.
Application in New Zealand
The application documents are in New Zealand not as extensive as in Germany. For a classic application include only the letter (cover letter) and CV (curriculum vitae).
As with us the CV in New Zealand is built anti chronologically and begins with the last professional activity.
Under the Anti-Discrimination New Zealanders dispense While on a photo taken and also on personal information on marital status and age, but lead hand on leisure activities that are helpful for the job. Even so, the New Zealanders like it short and sweet – the resume should not exceed one page.
Unlike the German practice to resolve various references, are extensive application documents in “New Zealand” has little benefit and does not really want. Many New Zealand Chefs with German estimates – even in English – begin little. Applicants should therefore enclose Arbeitszeugnisse only at the express wish.
Instead of bulging Bewerbungsmappe put the Kiwis emphasis instead on personal references . The “references” – example of former teachers or employers -. Be cited as contact details as the last item in the and are the heads for possible further inquiries.
Tip: Job seekers should consider when choosing the reference transducer that the apologists are actually accessible and able to communicate well in a conversation in English.
As in Germany, are personal networks in New Zealand is a great advantage. Those who want to work in New Zealand, should therefore deliberately seek contacts with friends, acquaintances, distant relatives or local employers who put in a good word for it in the event of the case right from the start.
Peculiarities of working in New Zealand
Similar to Australia also maintain a relaxed Zealanders live and work. Because the English language, there is a friendly and relaxed tone in the daily work of the Kiwis. Among colleagues it is in New Zealand quickly by their first names.
This informality is also transmitted in the application process. Budding Kiwis should not be irritated if the recruiter relatively quickly passes in interview for name. But be careful: rather only address the boss by his first name when it proposes itself.
In New Zealand workday especially the “Life” does not come too short work-life balance. The uniform tenor is here: One lives not (only) to work. Instead, celebrate the New Zealanders joint leisure activities and make your evening at one of the beautiful beaches of New Zealand or in a work-out in one of the many national parks end.
As an applicant, it is therefore advisable, in the interview not to present them as ambitious career person. Here primarily include the personality of the applicant and the sympathy factor – with an open mind, a friendly disposition and sense of humor are the chances of a job well commitment.
Whimsical information for future Kiwis
- Without Zealand still would reign on the pitch loud roar. A native of Christchurch referee William Atack used 1884 as first a dog whistle to make their voices heard.
- Those who go to New Zealand to explore, away never more than around 128 km from the sea.
- The famous national bird of NZ, the kiwi, can not fly.
- The same kiwi (fruit) was only introduced in 1900 in New Zealand.
- According to the Guinness World Records is the steepest street in the world in New Zealand. On the Baldwin Street in Dunedin, the slope is around 38 percent.
- The New Zealanders arrive daily first in the world to enjoy, to see the sunrise.
Work abroad: England
Entry requirements for workers to UK
First, some positive information on entry and employment regulations in England: The labor market in England is for German citizens in accordance with EU rules open. To live and work in England is not a visa, but only an identity card or passport needed.
Once on site so you can pounce (per labor office, online portals, newspapers …) in its step job search. But beware: Who is longer than six months without a job must fear expulsion.
Application process in England
The good old (electronic) application portfolio to convince the recruiter in England and in Germany with proper expressive vigorous content. Here some special care and attention for an application in England:
- A cover letter ( ” Cover Letter “) to the HR to awaken primarily to move interest, so that the HR and the CV ( curriculum vitae reads) carefully. Therefore already taken more than here in the letter relating to important sections in your resume. Phrases like: ” As you will see from the enclosed CV ...” Refer sent to related sections in your resume.
- The letter consists of three parts: a section in which the reason for the application and to the advertised position is received. A new paragraph are listed in the relevant knowledge, skills and abilities. To finish, again emphasized the interest in the company and the specific site and ask for a personal interview.
- The CV with the most important data is structured in reverse chronological order. Of particular note are stations of previous training and previous career. Of particular importance is the section “Personal Interests”: Unlike in Germany, is in England specifying Hobbies common because it is intended to give recruiters a better idea of the personality of the candidate.
- During the interview in England, companies are increasingly moving to a donations CV as well as the personality of a candidate. Therefore, the hobbies listed should therefore stand true. The recruiter will certainly interested in why you want to work as a German, especially in England. With good reasons you can collect pluses here definitely.
Vacation days and working hours
In England are to a law 28 days holiday per year. In addition to public holidays falling on a weekend, compensated by a day in the following week.
The salary is on average about 10 percent lower than in Germany. Flexible working time models such as annual working time accounts, time compression and homework are not uncommon and individually negotiable.
„How do you do?“ – „How do you do?“
In everyday working life in England, there are some special considerations. This starts with the greeting. At the first encounter persistent shaking hands should be avoided, a brief handshake is enough. In another encounter you will probably be asked for the being: ” How do you do? ” Then no response is expected. The counter-question ” How do you do? ” Completes the ritual greeting from but.
In England, makes the phone more confusion when releasing his name. As regards acts for calls or when removing calls a simple ” Hello ” or, at best, the company name.
In business meetings, it is not uncommon in England, departing from the predetermined agenda.Does not matter: Skipped points are then simply again clarified by phone or mail.
In particular, in London you go happy times with colleagues after work to the pub. The politeness (and fun) because you should now and then to take the opportunity at a after-work beer better understanding of the English colleagues. This ensures a positive interaction and a better working together in the office.
Humor and manners in England
Incidentally, one puts in England a lot of emphasis on mannered manners. Courtesy is the A and O. In this case, you have to learn as German between the lines to read as well. With ” very interessting” is usually actually just ” okay ” meant.
Whether at work or in everyday life: The British humor is known to be a bit special, not to say black.To pre-here an excerpt from the probably most English of all TV series. Have fun!